|Omsk region foreign economic activity 2015-2018|
Foreign trade turnover of Omsk region in 2015 amounted to $ 737,837.7 thousand, in 2016 - $ 767,587.6 thousand (an increase of 4% compared to 2015), in 2017 – $ 972,645.7 thousand (an increase of 26.7% compared to 2016), in 2018 – $ 1,141,063.1 thousand (an increase of 17.3% compared to 2017). Thus the foreign trade turnover of Omsk region tends to increase in the last 4 years.
Exports of Omsk region in 2015 amounted to $ 541,047.2 thousand, in 2016 - $ 498,634.5 thousand (a decrease of 7.8% compared to 2015), in 2017 - $ 612,506.8 thousand (an increase by 22.8% compared to 2016), in 2018 - $ 745,261.9 thousand (an increase by 21.7% compared to 2017).
Imports of Omsk region in 2015 amounted to $ 196,790.5 thousand, in 2016 - $ 268,953.2 thousand (an increase of 36.7% compared to 2015), in 2017 - $ 360,138.9 thousand (an increase of 33.9% compared to 2016), in 2018 - $ 395,801.2 thousand (an increase of 10% compared to 2017).
The balance for the entire analyzed period was positive: 2015 - $ 344,256.7 thousand, 2016 - $ 229,681.3 thousand (decrease relative to 2015), 2017 - $ 252,367.9 thousand (an increase compared to 2016), 2018 - $ 349,460.7 thousand (an increase compared to 2017).
The Russian Export Center provides the following information on exports for the years 2015-2018. In the ranking of regions of Russia in terms of exports, the Omsk region for January-December of 2018 took 50th place, in 2017 – 51st place, in 2016 - 48th place, in 2015 - 42nd place. The region's share in Russian exports in 2018 was 0.18%, in 2017 and 2016 - 0.17%, in 2015 - 0.23%.
To present an analysis of export and import commodity structure of Omsk region for 2015 - 2018 is also important.
Export commodity structure of Omsk region (the assessment for 2015 – 2018)
In monetary terms Export commodity structure of Omsk region for the years 2015-2018 is presented in table 1.
Export commodity structure of Omsk region for 2015-2018, thousand US dollars
The basis of Omsk region exports in January - December 2015 were: Engineering products (44.2%), Rubber and chemical products (38.9%), Groceries and raw materials (8.1%), Metals and metal products (4.8%), Mineral products (2.1%, mainly fuel and energy products).
In 2016, the share of certain commodity groups in total exports of Omsk region changed (Table 2):
1) the share of Engineering products decreased to 22.7% (2015 - 44.2%);
2) the share of Rubber and chemical products increased slightly to 43.9% (2015 - 38.9%);
3) the share of Groceries and raw materials significantly increased to 17.7% (2015 - 8.1%);
4) Metals and metal products amounted to 6.4% (in 2015 - 4.8%);
5) the share of Pulp and paper products rose to 3.4% (2015 - 1.4%);
6) the share of Mineral products slightly decreased to 1.96% (2015 - 2.1%).
In 2017, the share of Engineering products in the total export volume continues to decline (12.3%) while the share of Rubber and chemical products continues to grow (54.6%). The share of Groceries and raw materials (18.3%) also continues to grow. The share of Metals and metal products decreased slightly from 6.4% to 5.7%. The share of Pulp and paper products has remained almost at the same level as in 2016 (3.4%).
In 2018, the share of Engineering products (13.7%) and Groceries and raw materials (22%) increased, the share of Mineral products increased slightly (2.7%). The shares of other commodity groups in total exports of Omsk region showed negative dynamics: Rubber and chemical products (52.5%), Metals and metal products (4.5%), Pulp and paper products (1.8%), etc.
Graphically, Export commodity structure of Omsk region for 2018 is presented in Figure 1.
Figure 1. Export commodity structure of Omsk region for 2018, in % of the total
According to the Analytical portal "Regions of Russia", the export structure has changed over the past 4 years.
Export structure in 2015: Automotive equipment 34.31%, Inorganic chemistry products 14.45%, Plastics and plastic products 9.41%.
Export structure in 2016: Inorganic chemistry products 17.15%, Automotive equipment 14.08%, Rubber and rubber products 12.88%.
Export structure in 2017: Inorganic chemistry products 23.8%, Rubber and rubber products – 11.75%, Plastics and plastic products –11.57%.
Export structure in 2018: Inorganic chemistry products - 23%, Organic chemistry products - 13%, Fuel - 12%.
The share of non-commodity goods in 2018 exports amounted 85.83%, in 2017 - 96.45% in 2016 - 96.54%, in 2015 - 97.35%.
Import commodity structure of Omsk region (the assessment for 2015 – 2018)
In monetary terms Import commodity structure of Omsk region for the years 2015-2018 is presented in table 3.
In the structure of imports in 2015 prevailed: Engineering products (57%), Rubber and chemical products (17.2%), Groceries and raw materials (8.06%), Metals and metal products (8.05%), Mineral products (4.7%).
In 2016, in the commodity structure of imports the following changes occurred (Table 4):
1) the share of Engineering products decreased to 39.5% (2015 - 57%);
2) the share of Rubber and chemical products decreased to 10.8% (2015 -17.2%);
3) the share of Groceries and raw materials increased to 12.9% (2015 - 8.06%);
4) the share of Metals and metal products has quietly decreased - 6.7% (2015 - 8.05%);
5) the share of Mineral products increased significantly to almost 22% (in 2015 the share of this product group was only 4.7%);
6) the share of Pulp and paper products increased to 3.3% from 0.4%.
In 2017, the share of Engineering products increased to 45%, the share of Rubber and chemical products rose to 13.7% (2016 - 10.8%). The share of Groceries and raw materials decreased to 10.5% (2016 - 12.9%). The share of Mineral products dropped significantly from 22% in 2016 to 14.9% in 2017. The share of Metals and metal products increased imperceptibly to 7.6% (2016 - 6.7%). The share of Pulp and paper products has decreased to 0.49%. Also, the share of Textiles and shoes in 2015 was 1.8% and increased to 3.2% in 2017.
In 2018, the share of Engineering products in the structure of imports increased to 51.3%, the share of Metals and metal products - up to 10.1%. The shares of such commodity groups as Textiles and shoes (3.6%), Pulp and paper products (1.06%) increased slightly. There was a decrease in the share of Rubber and chemical products - up to 8.7%, Mineral products - up to 10.4%. The share of Groceries and raw materials in comparison with 2017 decreased slightly (10.3%).
Graphically, Import commodity structure of Omsk region for 2018 is presented in Figure 2.
Thus, we conclude that the basis of Omsk region exports during the specified period were:
- Chemical products (carbon, polypropylene, acyclic hydrocarbons);
- Engineering products (agricultural, garden and forestry machines, railway and tram cars);
- Metals and metal products (bottles, cans, ferrous metal products, raw aluminum);
- Groceries and raw materials (wheat and meslin, rapeseed or mustard oil, bread and bakery products, milk and cream);
- Pulp and paper products (timber, fibreboard);
- Mineral products (propane, alcoholic beverages).
- Engineering products (machinery, industrial equipment, ball and roller bearings);
- Mineral products (brown coal, ethylene, propylene, butylene);
- Groceries and raw materials (apples, pears and quince, confectionery);
- Chemical products (natural rubber);
- Metals and metal products (flat-rolled iron, aluminum waste and scrap, fasteners, accessories);
- Textiles and shoes (carded wool yarn).
1) Russian export center https://www.exportcenter.ru;
2) Federal Customs Service http://stu.customs.ru.
Industrial complex is one of the most dynamic sectors of the local economy. It accounts for about 26% of the regional capital assets and employs 21,7% of the working population.
Manufacturing industry is the leading industrial sector in the region. Oil and gas industry is being developed. In 1998, the Tevriz gas condensate field was put in exploitation for production of natural gas. Since 2001, the south-western part of the Krapivinsk field has been developed for oil production.
Major industrial enterprises determining the economic specialization of the Omsk region are concentrated in the administrative center – the City of Omsk.
Determinants of industrial growth in recent years were stable operating conditions on the domestic and foreign markets, creation of new industrial enterprises and technical re-equipping and moernization programs.
In 2012 was laid the foundation for the formation of a new model of economic development of the Omsk region, for institutional reforms, aimed at significantly improving the investment and business climate, for formation and development of industrial clusters, for investment encouraging and creation of investment relations system adaptive to the needs of business.
A major prerequisite for the long-term changes in the socio-economic development of the Omsk region is transformation of strategic planning system. In 2012 in accordance with integrated audit of the key Omsk region 's sectors competitiveness was developed a strategy for socio-economic development of the Omsk region until 2025.
As a result the necessity of the cluster approach to economic development of the Omsk region was justified, identified "points of growth" in the oil refining, agro-industrial clusters and high-tech components cluster (communication, aerospace equipment and control-mesuaring instrumentation).
Cluster-based policy will be prospectively developed due to the fact yhat it will be supported by the factors in terms of medium and small enterprises and activation of investment processes in Omsk Region.
Petrochemical complex enterprises occupy leading position in the structure of industrial production of Omsk region. 1/3 of key assets are concentrated in this economic sector making up for 70% of the total volume of goods produced in Omsk region and employing 1/7 of the work-force.
Production of petrochemical complex takes dominant position in the volume of the regional expo
In all Russia petrochemical production output the share of Omsk region enterprises makes:
- phenol – 22,4%;
- truck tyres – 16,2%;
- motor gasoline –12,2%;
- diesel oil fuel – 8,3%;
- passenger car tyres – 8,5%;
- rubber – 3,5%;
- furnace oil – 3,1%.
Omsk Region has all the necessary conditions for the rapid development of the petroleum-refining and petrochemical industries: competitive enterprises, qualified staff, proven production technologies, accessible resources and established market. Nowadays the region produces 41% of all xylol, 30% of all technical carbon and 22% of all phenol in Russia.
Industrial machinery enterprises have significant research and production capacity.
Main types of output products: launcher, space modules, aircraft engines and its arts, cryogenic engineering, radio communication centers and radio communication complexes, process automation devices, measuring equipment for energy systems, medical equipment, means of transport, railway equipment, agricultural and household equipment.
Food industry in the Omsk region processes locally produced agricultural raw materials:
- meat (production of meat, sausages, tinned meat, semi-finished meat, edible rendered fat etc.);
- milk (production of dairy products, dairy butter, ice-cream, fat cheese, powdered milk, preserved milk products, baby food);
- grain (flour-and-cereals industry, macaroni products, baked goods);
- mineral water, beer, liquor and soft drinks.
More than 13% of volume of goods and services fall on this sectors economy and it employs 18 thousand people. Export to foreign countries shows a growing tendency.
Food production companies employ over 24 thousand people, which represents over 23% of average manufacturing staff number.
The Omsk region is a highly-developed agricultural region with one of the largest agro-industrial complexes in the east of the country. The leading agricultural branches include:
- dairy farming and meat processing;
- poultry breeding;
- pig breeding.
The region is placed among the 10 top producers of grain, milk and meat in the Russian Federation. The output of agricultural products per capita in the Omsk region is higher than in any other region of the Siberian Federal District of the Russian Federation. Domestic production of meat, milk and grain exceeds domestic consumption.
Omsk Region has very favorable climate conditions for agriculture. Beneficial combination of long vegetation period, significant amount of sun radiation, total annual precipitation over 300 mm and fertile chernozem soil creates inevitable conditions for the growing of good harvest of most of the traditional for Omsk Region crops – grains, potato and vegetables.
Trade network in the Oblast is represented by some 10,5 thousand entities, including 6,8 thousand shops, 0,2 thousand shopping malls, 1,6 thousand pavilions, 1,9 thousand tents and kiosks . The bulk of them is situated in Omsk- 4,7 thousand (45% of all entities of the region). Furthermore, on the territory of Omsk Region work 31 marketplaces with total capacity of 13 thousand trade places, 19 of them are situated in Omsk.
This number has a tendency to grow which is a sign of a tough competition in the branch. Retail sector of the region numbers 15 thousand organizations, wholesale sector - 10,7 thousand entities.
There is a number of international players represented by: Metro Cash & Carry, Ikea, OBI, Ashan, Media Markt. Also of inter and regional importance such as: Lenta, Holiday, Astor, Kilogram, etc. Intraregional players: Astor, Nash magazin, Petrol, Vash dom, Povorot, PobEda, Eda, Novator, Producty 24, Nizkocen.
Total amount of people employed by trade companies of Omsk Region amounts to 140,7 thousand people, and their proportion of the total number of employees is 15%.
One of the largest and most beautiful rivers of Russia – Irtysh - crosses the region. This river is literally created for cruises, fishing, rafting. Some of the numerous lakes of Omsk Region have unique origin as well as a present state. Lakes Uldgay, Ebeyty, Danilovo, Linevo, Ataichye are of the greatest interest. The large therapeutic mud deposits of lake Uldgay exceed the famous lake Karachi . The therapeutic mud from Ebeyty lake compares to muds from famous in Russia resorts on salt concentration, and on individual components exceeds muds of resorts Sochi, Maynanaki , Yeysk. At the present time therapeutic muds are used by health and recreation resorts Omskiy, Kolos, Tavricheskiy, Avtomobilist, Rassvet.
Omsk Region is rich in healing mineral water resources. There are 9 sources of healing mineral water in the region. Its chemical composition is similar to the healing water “Esentuki”. Mineral waters are used in medical baths in health and recreation resorts of Omsk and Chernoluchinsk-Krasnoyarsk resort zone.
Natural landscapes of Omsk Region are widely used for recreational purposes. Recreation camps are situated in Krutinskiy, Sargatskiy and Bolsherechenskiy districts. Natural zone of Muromcevskiy district is of great interest, there are situated lakes of meteorite origin. In the energy zones of Okunevo lake occur the phenomenon, which attracts attention of ufologists and other scientists. Tour operators of Omsk have developed a hiking tour “Okunevskiy meridian”, which includes visiting Shaytan lake, which, according to the legend, has the true “dead” water. Significant complex of sanitary institutions is situated in Chernoluchinsk-Krasnoyarsk resort zone. Many districts have hunting and fishing seats. The system of sanatoriums, holiday homes and camps provide the opportunity to Omsk citizens to satisfy their need in recreation in within the native land.
On the territory of Omsk Region are situated 13 botanic gardens, 20 faunal (hunting) areas, two of them are complex wildlife reserves of federal significance. The region has 99 monuments of nature and one nature park “Ptichya gavan” (“Bird’s harbor”). The most unique geological entomological monuments of nature are “Ground Gap”, “Beshaul” , “Relict forest-steppe”.
Guests of the city are especially interested in the history of establishment of Omsk, construction of its fortresses, further development of the architectural ensemble of 18th-19th centuries period. It’s hard to imagine the development of our city without small towns and settlements. The oldest of them is town Tara. Bolsherechye settlement is known far beyond our country for its rural Zoo – the only one in Siberia – and touristic complex “Ancientness of Siberia”.
There are functional reconstructed and new-built cathedrals and chapels on the territory of the region. Among them is the largest cathedral in Siberia - Khristorozhdestvensiy Cathedral (the Cathedral of the Nativity of Christ). Uspensky Cathedral (The Cathedral of the Assumption) was reconstructed and opened on 15 July 2007.
There are 10 professional theatres in the city. Omsk Drama Theatre, which was acknowledged as an Academic Theatre in 1983, gained distinction in Russia over the last decade. Omsk State Russian Folk Choir successfully performs concert activity. The pride of Omsk Philharmonia is symphony orchestra.
Omsk museums are very popular: Museum of Local Lore, Museum of Fine Arts M.Vrubelja, Art museum “Liberov Centre”. The oldest museum of the city is the Museum of Local Lore established in 1878 by West-Siberian department of Russian Geographic Society. It is a significant center study of Siberia. The Art museum “Liberov Centre” familiarize the public with the work of people’s artist of Russia A.N. Liberov.